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In the OT the Hittites are, firstly, a great nation which gave its name to
the whole region of Syria, 'from the wilderness and this
Lebanon as far as the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the
Hittites to the Great Sea toward the going down of the sun' (Jos. 1:4);
and secondly, a group living in Canaan until after
the Israelite settlement (Gn. 15:20; Dt. 7:1; Jdg. 3:5), called literally 'the
children of Heth' (Gn. 23:3, (Gn. 10:15).
An early Hittite king, Tudhaliyas I (c. 1720 bc), with 'Tidal king of nations' of Gn. 14:1. About 1600 bc Hattusilis I extended his rule over parts of N Syria. His successor Mursilis wrote: I captured Aleppo and subsequently (c. 1560 bc) raided Babylon—an event which precipitated the fall of the 1st Babylonian Dynasty.
The purple dot is the general area where Noah and crew got off the ark. Their descendants would have to migrated through Turkey, down through Syria, Jordan, Canaan and Iraq ... to continue the accounts after the ark settled on dry land.
The last place the Israelites are found in Genesis is in Egypt (Yellow dot).
The Hittite empire reached the peak of its power under Suppiluliumas I (c.
1380-1350 bc). It was in his province of Kizzuwatna, in SE Asia Minor, that iron
was first smelted in the Near East on a scale which justifies one in
speaking of the beginning of the Iron Age. He extended his empire over Upper
Mesopotamia and over Syria as far S as the Lebanon.
The Hittites with the Egyptian empire in Asia, and hostilities continued between the two powers until 1284 bc, when a non-aggression pact between Hattusilis III and Rameses II recognized the Orontes as their common frontier.
The Hittite empire collapsed around 1200 bc as the result of blows from western enemies.
Hamath was allied with David (2 Sa. 8:9ff.), whose kingdom bordered on 'Kadesh in the land of the Hittites' (2 Sa. 24:6;
Solomon traded and intermarried with these 'kings of the Hittites' (1 Ki. 10:28f.; 11:1).
In the 9th century bc their military reputation could throw the army of
Damascus into panic (2 Ki. 7:6). But in the following century they
were reduced one by one by the Assyrians; Hamath fell in 720 bc and
Carchemish in 717 (2 Ki. 18:34; 19:13; Is. 10:9).
The Assyrian and Babylonian records of the period (as late as the Chaldean dynasty) regularly refer to the whole of Syria (including Palestine) as the 'Hatti-land'; Sargon II in 711 bc can speak of the people of Ashdod as 'the faithless Hatti'.
The language of the seven Hittite kingdoms is known from hieroglyphic texts which have been deciphered in recent years; bilingual inscriptions in hieroglyphic Hittite and Phoenician, discovered at Karatepe in Cilicia (1946-7), have helped considerably in their decipherment. The language of these texts is not identical with the official language of the earlier Hittite empire, which was written in cuneiform script and identified as an Indo-European language in 1917; it resembles rather a neighboring Indo-European language called Luvian.
The Hittites of Canaan in patriarchal times appear as inhabiting the central ridge of Judah, especially the Hebron district.
In Gn. 23 the Hittites are the resident population of Hebron ('the people of the land') among whom Abraham lives as 'a stranger and a sojourner' and from whom he buys the field of Machpelah, with its cave, as a family burying-ground.
Esau grieved his parents by marrying two 'Hittite women. (Gn. 27:46; 26:34.) Esau would have been a descendant of Shem. All of his wives were descendants of Ham and so all the Edomites would have been a composite of the descendants of Shem and Ham.
According to Ezk. 16:3, 45, they had a mixed Hittite and Amorite
foundation. The name of *Araunah the Jebusite (2 Sa. 24:16ff.) has been thought
to be Hittite, and Uriah the Hittite, evidently a
Jerusalemite, was one of David's mighty men (2 Sa.
23:39). Ahimelech, one of David's companions in the
days of his outlawry, is called a Hittite (1 Sa. 26:6).
The last reference to the Hittites of Canaan is in Solomon's reign (2 Ch. 8:7); thereafter they were merged in the general population of the land.
The Hittites were supposed to have been driven out of Canaan.. . IT NEVER HAPPENED
02~EXODUS 023|028` I will drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the HITTITE, from before you. . IT NEVER HAPPENED
02~EXODUS 033|002` ... I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the HITTITE, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite: . IT NEVER HAPPENED
02~EXODUS 034|011` ... I drive out before you the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the HITTITE, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite. . IT NEVER HAPPENED
05~DEUTERONOMY 020|017` But you shalt utterly destroy them; namely, the HITTITES, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites . IT NEVER HAPPENED
06~JOSHUA 003|010` And Joshua said, Hereby you shall know that the living God is among you, and that he will without fail drive out from before you the Canaanites, and the HITTITES, and the Hivites, and the Perizzites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Jebusites. . IT NEVER HAPPENED
06~JOSHUA 011|003` And to the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and to the Amorite, and the HITTITE, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the mountains, and to the Hivite under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh. . THEY NEVER LEFT AT ANY TIME
06~JOSHUA 012|008` In the mountains, and in the valleys, and in the plains, and in the springs, and in the wilderness, and in the south country; the HITTITES, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: . THEY NEVER LEFT AT ANY TIME
16~NEHEMIAH 009|008` And foundest his heart faithful before you, and madest a covenient with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the HITTITES, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites,.. While the Israelites were removed from Canaan several times, the rest of these tribes never left
WHO ARE THE HITTITES
Genesis 10:6 And the sons of Ham ... Canaan.
01~GENESIS 010|015` Canaan fathered .. HETH,
13~1_CHRONICLES 001|013` And Canaan fathered ... HETH, [ Hittites come from Heth.. who is a descendant of Canaan.. who is a descendant of Ham ]
01~GENESIS 023|003` And Abraham stood up from before his dead, and spoke to the sons of HETH .. [ Abraham bought a cave from the Hittites to bury Sarah ]
01~GENESIS 023|010` ... EPHRON the HITTITE answered Abraham... [ Ephron was a Hittite ]
01~GENESIS 023|017` And the field of EPHRON which was in Machpelah, which was before Mamre, the field, and the cave which was therein [ The Hittites already lived in Canaan and had tribes before Abraham got there ]
01~GENESIS 025|009` And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried Abraham in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of EPHRON the son of Zohar the HITTITE
01~GENESIS 026|034` Esau... took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the HITTITE, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the HITTITE:
01~GENESIS 036|002` Esau took his wives... Adah the daughter of Elon the HITTITE...
[ Ishmael married women from other tribes also. Later the Israelites married some of the descendants of Ishmael, making the Israelite's descendants, descendants of Ishmael also ]
01~GENESIS 027|046` And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of HETH: if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of HETH, such as these which are of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?
[ Later generations married the Hittites and the children of those Israelites are also descendants of the Hittites ]
01~GENESIS 028|019` And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called LUZ at the first.
01~GENESIS 048|003` And Jacob said... God Almighty appeared to me at LUZ in the land of Canaan.. [ Luz is the land of the Hittites where Jacob wrestled with God ]
01~GENESIS 049|029` Israel charged them, ... bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of EPHRON the HITTITE, [ Israel to be buried in the field purchased from the Hittites ]
01~GENESIS 050|013` His sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, in the cave bought from EPHRON the HITTITE.
04~NUMBERS 013|029` The... HITTITES, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan.
[ These other tribes NEVER left Canaan ]
07~JUDGES 001|026` And the man went into the land of the HITTITES, and built a city, and called the name thereof LUZ: which is the name thereof to this day. [ Luz, city built in the land of the Hittites ]
07~JUDGES 001|027` Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites would dwell in that land. [ None of these tribes were ever driven out of the land ]
07~JUDGES 003|005` And the children of Israel lived among the Canaanites, HITTITES, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites:
07~JUDGES 003|006` And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons...
[ Instead of driving out the Hittites and other tribes, the Israelites swapped their sons and daughters in marriages ]
09~1_SAMUEL 021|001` Then came David to Nob to AHIMELECH the priest [ Ahimelech the priest]
09~1_SAMUEL 026|006` Then answered David and said to AHIMELECH the HITTITE,
[ In I sam 21:1 Ahimelech is identified as a priest ... HMMMM A HITTITE PRIEST IN THE TEMPLE ? ]
10~2_SAMUEL 011|003` And David sent and inquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of URIAH the HITTITE?
[ Bahsheba was the wife of Uriah the Hittite. After David got her pregnant he got Uriah drunk so he would think it was his own child. It did not work so David had him murdered ]
10~2_SAMUEL 011|015` David wrote in the letter, saying, Set you URIAH in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire you from him, that he may be smitten, and die.
10~2_SAMUEL 011|026` And when the wife of URIAH heard that URIAH her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband.
[ So King Solomon is the son of the Hittite Bathsheba ]
11~1_KINGS 009|020` And all the people that were left of the Amorites, HITTITES, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which were not of the children of Israel,
[ No none of these pre Israelite tribes were ever driven out of Canaan but they continued to live in the midst of the Israelites, marrying them and producing children with them ]
11~1_KINGS 009|021` Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy
11~1_KINGS 011|001` But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and HITTITES:
[ King Solomon was the son of a Hittite and he loved the Hittite chicks .. These girls would produce the children of Solomon. When they got a big belly.. out with the old, in with the young new ones? ]
14~2_CHRONICLES 008|007` As for all the people that were left of the HITTITES, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which were not of Israel
[ These tribes NEVER left, always lived right smack in the cities of the Israelites, so close David could do a little window peeping on his Hittite neighbor's wife ]
Ezekiel 16:1 Again the word of the Lord came unto Ezekiel...
Ezekiel 16:3 And say, Thus saith the Lord God unto Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity is of the land of Canaan; thy father was an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.
The Israelites were not some kind of unique race or population. They were NOTHING but a pot luck of every Arab tribe/nation that they came from in the first place and NEVER ceased to produce their families with.
15~EZRA 009|001` ... The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, doing according to their abominations, even of the Canaanites, the HITTITES, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.
Ezra 9:2 For they have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of those lands.
Ezra 10:3 Now therefore let us make a covenant with our God to put away all the wives, and such as are born of them
[ The Israelites NEVER ceased to marry the Hittites and produce their families with them.
When the Israelites kicked out their own wives and children, of course all of those children were descendants of Jacob/Israel.. making them Israelites who continued to spread the seed of Israel into the Arab population for centuries ]
A cluster of maps of bible/Egyptian empires. Copy and use freely. http://picasaweb.google.com/arabisraelites/Maps#
These images were created just the right size to complete fit in a Google Blog. If you have a better version you want to share.. firstname.lastname@example.org
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